#The1Llife: Free Food and a Workshop

GUEST BLOG By Lauren Rose, 
1L at the University of Detroit Mercy


Three words that make law students (and sometimes lawyers) cringe. Even though I have just begun law school, professors have been stressing the importance of preparing for the bar exam. While it seems like the exam is really far away, it will be here before we know it.

Luckily, BARBRI hosted a Multistate Bar Examination Workshop at my school. This event focused on methods for answering multiple-choice questions. The workshop was open to all 1Ls, 2Ls, and 3Ls. If learning about test taking strategies was not enticing enough, there was a ton of pizza. Like, there was at least 20 boxes of pizza. What law student does not love free food? While the attendees were mostly comprised of 3Ls that are preparing to take the July bar exam, there were a few other 1Ls in attendance. It was reassuring to see a few familiar faces at the event.

BARBRI Professor, Everett Chambers, led the workshop. In an enthusiastic way, he made learning about multiple-choice test taking strategies interesting. He engaged us throughout the presentation with questions and funny antics. It was no surprise that Professor Chambers stressed that you should start any question by reading the call of the question. I recently learned to answer questions by starting with the call of the question, so this was a good reminder. Another informative point that he made was to “question the question.” The point of this is for you to anticipate what the question is about and think of possible categories that the question may fall into. Professor Chambers also stressed the importance of reading the explanatory answers to bar prep questions. I usually skip this part while doing practice questions for exams, but he stressed that this where you actually learn the law. I plan on doing this while studying for my finals this semester.

Overall, the event was really informative. It was very helpful to have someone tell you how you should start answering multiple-choice questions now, so that you know how to answer them in the future. While the bar is still (almost two – yikes!) years away, I am glad that I have started taking advantage of resources available to me now. I would recommend that all other 1Ls take advantage of these resources because it is never too early to start preparing for the bar!

#The3Llife: Equal Inequality

GUEST BLOG By Shaun Sanders,
3L at Chapman University’s Dale E. Fowler School of Law

One of the most common jabs I hear about law is how wealthy people appear to be immune to consequences.

In fact, it is usually the highlight of water cooler talk every time some celebrity gets arrested and is inevitably slapped on the wrist. Where most people view this as a blatant example of corruption and inequality, I completely disagree. Rather, after having the opportunity to see how things work behind the scene, I feel like it is actually an illustration of just how fair our system truly is.

First, consider how inherently subjective law is. At some point in time, legislatures identified an issue that was, at a fixed point in time, a problem. To address that problem, they created a rule so that everyone would know how to, as a society, deal with the issue. If the rule is too narrow, then there is a risk that it won’t be effective, and, in some way, the issue will not fully be addressed. On the other hand, if the rule is too broad, then it likely won’t survive scrutiny.

This is, ultimately, what provides jobs for lawyers. Even if there is a generally accepted way in which a law is applied, or has always been applied, all it takes is a skilled legal professional to find a valid, alternative way in which to apply the law to the unique circumstance of his or her client. In this way, phenomena like circuit splits represent a natural variance in thinking and reasoning amongst the population. Moreover, when a higher court decides to overrule lower courts or settle discrepancies across jurisdictions, it doesn’t necessarily mean that previous judgments were flawed — only that the system is attempting to recalibrate itself for all decisions going forward.

Second, consider how some people are more competent and capable at practicing law than others. Personally, I know the top five students at my school — and they deserve to be the top five students. They are brilliant individuals who are gifted in the way they can learn and apply the law. Conversely, there are other students who are likely to barely graduate and pass the bar.

So within any given pool of lawyers, just like any profession, you will have a minority of individuals who are better than everyone else, a minority of individuals who are barely competent to practice law, and a majority of individuals making up the average between either end of the bell curve. In other words: some lawyers are objectively better than other lawyers and more capable at their craft. The result, in an adversarial system like ours, is a competitive advantage.

Third, consider how we deal with advantages in society. If one item is objectively better than another, it is valued by more people, which drives up the cost of that item. Here, the item in question is a good lawyer — or, more specifically, the lawyer’s finite amount of time. This means that if you are a really good law student, who becomes a really amazing lawyer, you are likely going to have more job offers and potential cases than you have time to deal with. This means you can be picky and, of course, charge more. So much more that fewer and fewer people can afford to hire you and, at some point, only the wealthy can gain access to your legal genius.

Finally, consider that the justice system is not free. Criminals aren’t prosecuted by volunteers. Just like every other government body, your local district attorney has to abide by a budget, and there is always a cost/benefit associated with every decision.

So what happens when we add up all these factors?

JailCardWhen Average Joe is charged with a crime, Average Joe likely hires (or is appointed) by Average Attorney who will represent Average Joe in an average way, leading to an average result. Moreover, the DA is more capable of moving forward with the case because the resources associated with trying such a case have been factored into the budget.

However, when Celebrity is charged with a crime, Celebrity can afford to hire Superstar Lawyer who will represent Celebrity in a more sophisticated, substantial way. Superstar Lawyer can afford to do more research, deeper analysis, and explore any and all options to represent Celebrity as best as possible — options that are available to everyone, even Average Joe, but require more effort/time, and thus cost. As a result of of Superstar Lawyer being able to present a stronger, more effective case, the cost of prosecuting Celebrity increases significantly.

This is the most important part of the equation.

You see, whether or not a DA chooses to prosecute someone isn’t necessarily tied to whether or not they believe a crime occurred. Rather, the decision is based on the likelihood of being able to successfully prosecute someone. Thus, a strong defense is as much of a deterrence to prosecution as a weak case. Or, in other words, just as we expect charges to be dropped or reduced when the government can’t prove its case against an accused, the same is true when the cost of prosecution outweighs the perceived social cost of the crime. Thus, the apparent inequality of justice between the rich and poor is a product of allocating resources equally against those we choose to prosecute for crimes. The more sophisticated a defense, the more time and money it will cost society to pursue any action, which ultimately reduces the effectiveness of the system as a whole.

Ironically, the only way to truly address this issue would be to establish some sort of policy of inequality in which we, for example, increase taxes and set aside funds specifically for prosecuting the wealthy… and that wouldn’t be very fair either.

#barpreplife: It’s Go Time

GUEST BLOG by Jennifer Varteressian,
Graduated from The University of Tulsa College of Law

Tomorrow I take the bar exam. I repeat, tomorrow I take the bar exam.

I don’t think the reality has set in. I am trying to knock myself over the head with the prospect of sitting down and actually taking the test that has been running my life for the last few months. I stopped by the testing center today to check it out and it was all very surreal, it felt like a scene from a bad movie.

Today did not go smoothly at all. The weather was terrible, and it took forever to check into my hotel. Once I finally got settled in I attempted to order some food, because the whole being out in public thing in this state was not an option. When the food finally got here it was stale and inedible, and let me tell y’all, I’m not that picky. At this point I realized that I needed to eat something even though my stomach was in knots so I proceeded to throw some sweats and slippers on, and go gallivanting around downtown Austin in search of some food. Not the best idea in retrospect, I’m pretty sure I looked homeless, and it definitely wasn’t my finest hour. Eventually, I landed on a sandwich and a cookie (because everything else was either closed or a five star restaurant and I can guarantee you they would have laughed me out of town). I finally got back to my hotel room, freezing as all get out, and I had to laugh at myself because I was sure as hell glad all these bumps were happening today rather than tomorrow.

I truly was a wreck all day, but as I sit here now I am finally at peace with my preparation. Yes it is going to suck, but the moment we have been slaving away for is finally here, and there’s nothing we can do but trust the process. I played softball in college and when I had to perform in pressure situations I would always tell myself under my breath “Relax, you can do this”. I have decided that tomorrow I will use the same approach. We have worked so hard for this and we are three days shy of saying goodbye to the bar exam forever! Good luck everyone! Lets go #OwnTheBar!

Until Next Time (WHEN WE’RE DONE!)

#The3Llife: Bar Prepping in Law School

GUEST BLOG By Shaun Sanders,
3L at Chapman University’s Dale E. Fowler School of Law

I am currently taking a bar prep course during my last semester in law school, which will lead into my BARBRI prep courses after graduating.

The class is pretty fantastic, but also upsetting. My professor is a genius. I often joke that he is a law robot, built in the year 2052, sent back in time to teach law. I will never be as capable as him when it comes to digesting large quantities of text and immediately saving it to memory. His ability to recall cases from years ago is astounding. He is truly an asset at my school, and his class will no doubt help me prepare for the bar.

So each week, Professor Lawbot gives the class one of his own outlines for a topic. His outlines are fantastic. An entire topic of law, that I have previously learned across an entire semester, is distilled into about 12 pages. At first, I was happily blown away with having access to such a wealth of simplified knowledge… but then I realized that these notes have always existed, yet I am only now getting them with mere months to study before the bar.

Wouldn’t it be better to just give every student these magical notes on their first day of their first year? Sure, it wouldn’t make sense at first — but it would give a great head start to everyone going forward. My biggest regret is that I had no ideas these outlines existed. I have been asking other students for their outlines and notes since first-year, yet I had no idea this is what I should have been aiming for.

So for other students going to schools with built in bar prep classes — be aware: there are some delicious notes and outlines that you may want to try to grab early. Seriously.

#The1Llife: Conquest

GUEST BLOG By Lauren Rose,
1L at the University of Detroit Mercy

Some of the first year law students that I have met are lucky.

Why are they lucky? They are lucky because they have a parent or close family member who is an attorney. I consider these people to be lucky because they probably have something automatically lined up for summer. If you’re anything like me, you are not related to an attorney. So you have to find a summer internship the hard way. The internship search is already underway and some of my classmates have already had interviews with Justices and law firms! Here are a few of the steps that I have taken thus far in my conquest to finding a summer position.

I went to the career office at my law school for information about events. During the meeting, the career advisor was able to tell me about an upcoming externship fair featuring externships with judges, government agencies, and nonprofits. She also told me that if I took an unpaid externship, I would be eligible to receive 3 credits! Who doesn’t love easy class credits – right? At this initial meeting, we scheduled other meetings to go over my resume, cover letter, and interview skills. If you have not yet met with your career office, do it now! The sooner you go and polish your resume and cover letter, the better!

At the next meeting, the career advisor reviewed my resume and cover letter. She provided me with some helpful advice about revising my resume so that it was better suited for legal internships (i.e. getting rid of unnecessary things from undergrad). She also went over my general cover letter and helped me tailor it for different kinds of legal positions. It never hurts to have another person read over your resume and cover letter for clarity and grammar.

The externship fair that the career advisor told me about was last week. It was awesome! There were a ton of lawyers there from all different sectors. Each lawyer was more than happy to answer questions about the internship position that they were offering. This was a great opportunity because it was an easy to way find out about a lot of internships at one time. If your school offers something like this, definitely make it a point to go.

I will be continuing my internship search as I send out my resume. If you’re a 1L going through this process, I would love to hear your thoughts! Tweet me @The1LLife

#The2Llife: Externships

GUEST BLOG Harrison Thorne,
2L at UCLA School of Law

I externed at a state court, over summer after 1L.

I loved it, and gained a lot of practical experience.

I am currently externing at a bankruptcy court. I took a bankruptcy course last semester, and found it very interesting. It seemed like a unique field, in that practitioners get a good mix of transactional and litigation work.

I wanted to get more involved in bankruptcy, so I began looking for opportunities. I volunteered for a moot court type competition (that will take place next weekend) through the American College of Bankruptcy. We are performing a mock negotiation for a chapter 11 business restructure. Sounds complicated, but take my word – it’s fun!

But the best experience so far has been externing for the bankruptcy court. I love the subject, so that helps.

However, externing is extremely eye-opening. I have learned how to file motions, how and where to check local, state, and federal rules of court, how to interact with clerks, lawyers, and judges, and how to not anger a court!

I would highly recommend that everyone extern for some court during law school. It is truly an amazing experience, and the hands-on approach will really help round out the academic nature of law school.

#barpreplife: Miss Money Bags

GUEST BLOG by Jennifer Varteressian,
Graduated from The University of Tulsa College of Law

Ok. So, Apparently I’m made of money.

My favorite thing that people say to me when they found out I just graduated from law school and am about to take the bar exam: “Oh you’re going to be rich!”. Cool, I’m glad that lawyers are perceived as being inordinately wealthy and that being a lawyer is a symbol of success. All I have to say is: IT HAD BETTER BE!

Sheesh, I cannot even begin to articulate how expensive becoming a lawyer is. To start with there’s going to law school which costs oh yeah about a $100,000 if you’re lucky. Chump change. And then there’s the fact that you have to survive in law school: tack on the loans! Oh-and after you graduate we are going to charge you a million dollars to take the bar exam (where you are literally hit with EVERY sort of fee known to man). Oh and it’s probably a good idea to avoid working while studying so…No income for you!

Here are some things I did not anticipate: fees to take the exam on the computer, fees for the actual exam itself, paying for a hotel, my coffee habit increasing exponentially, my cupcake/cookie/basically anything that tastes good budget shooting through the roof. And we’re supposed to have money leftover after this to take a bar trip?! Speaking of bar trip, what is that? When are you supposed to make time to plan this/have the money to swing it? Are you supposed to go before your results or afterward? That would be incredibly depressing to be sitting in Hawaii, where you are supposed to be celebrating being done with tests forever, only to discover that you’ve failed and your butt will be right back in barprep. (Having said that planning a bar trip you can’t afford is an amazing use of time for a study break -hey we can all dream right?)

Anyway, I have to get back to doing BARBRI AMP for Property, because I’m pretty sure a third grader would fare better than me at this juncture.

Ok. Rant Over. Sometimes you just have to get it out. I blame it on bargression-It’s a thing. See you all on Twitter!

Happy Studying,

#The3Llife: A Case for Jury Nullification

GUEST BLOG By Shaun Sanders,
3L at Chapman University’s Dale E. Fowler School of Law

Jury nullification is an oddity of discussion in law school.

The combined legislative wealth of numerous cultures spanned over centuries of time has resulted in our current amalgamation of laws and the method in which they are applied. As a result, the laws we live under today are inherently a reflection of a past point in time. Consider how many laws created by generations long dead are presently applied to modern circumstances. Indeed, the general ebb and flow of legislative revision is a demonstration of the living’s attempt to rewrite rules of the dead. But how does jury nullification fit in?

I look at law, as a whole, as being a sort of robot butler… let’s call it Justice Bot. We created this servant to make our lives more enjoyable, safe, and, generally, stable. To maintain order and prevent Justice Bot from straight up murdering each and every one of us, we install 3 branches of government with numerous, staggered layers of checks and balances. And then? We let it on its way — autonomously controlling our day to day lives.

Jury nullification, to me, is the “human-check” against the machine. It’s the last point in the system where we have a bunch of living, flesh-filled human beings look at the product of our Justice Bot and say, “Good Job!” or, alternatively, “You effed it up!” More often than not, jury nullification is likely unnecessary. After all, Justice Bot is a fairly efficient, effective being.

However, every now and then, a glitch occurs and, suddenly, someone’s life gets sucked into the machine, processed appropriately, but results in a potential punishment that just doesn’t sit quite right. Despite the lack of technical error, and despite the fact that an individual accused of committing certain acts appears to have, in fact, committed those acts, it still feels like Justice Bot isn’t quite on its A-game… so we pull the plug, learn from it, and try to improve our robot as best we can.


In other words, jury nullification enables us as living, existing citizens to correct for potential false-positives created by antiquated law. In fact, jury nullification played an important role in the United States to acquit people who were being charged under the Fugitive Slave Act. At that time, Justice Bot was programmed to punish folks who aided slaves in escaping their owners. When Justice Bot caught such an offender, it processed them accordingly. However, when it came time to sentence them, juries said, “You know what… okay, these people are guilty — but I’m okay with that.” and they kept acquitting folks until Justice Bot received a legislative firmware update.

Some people argue it is unfair for a minority of society to override Justice Bot. In a way, it is unfair. Realistically, though, it doesn’t really matter. Jury selection represents a random subsection of society within a specific jurisdiction. Sure, it is possible that in an area where 99.99% of a jurisdiction feel Law A is just and right, there may be a passionate minority who oppose it… but the probability of that minority being able to get on the juries to override Justice Bot is vast. Rather, jury nullification provides a valuable trade-off for society where we allow pockets of modern-views to undermine established, hard-coded legal theories.

In Justice Bot, We Trust.

#The2Llife: My Case-Reading Strategy

GUEST BLOG Harrison Thorne,
2L at UCLA School of Law

When I first started law school, reading cases took FOREVER!

It still takes me a while to get through reading assignments. But when I do the reading, I really try to get the most out of it.

My method is a bit different—I think—than others’.

First, I look up the section or topic that the case pertains to. For instance, if I’m reading Marbury v. Madison, I know my teacher assigned the case to show judicial review, and teach about Supremacy, etc.

Screen Shot 2015-01-27 at 9.08.53 AMMy first step is to consult a secondary source. I love BARBRI’s outlines, as they are concise and allow me to understand the black-letter law. Sometimes I use E+Es or other secondary sources.

Next, I read a case brief. Case briefs can be found online or in various case brief books.

I then read the case. By this point, I know the facts, the background, and the black-letter law. I have found that knowing all these things before reading the case allows me to focus in on the big picture and extract the real case holding. If I just read the case without reading secondary sources and/or briefs beforehand, I find that my initial read-through is mostly a way to understand the facts, and then I have to reread it at least one more time.

While reading the case, I like to highlight important passages, etc.

After all that, I go back over the highlighted portions, and take notes. I jot down the facts, too.

After all that, I then do an “overview” of what I think is important.

When I go to class, I have a much better understanding of the case, and I supplement my notes with anything my professor emphasizes.

#barpreplife: Just Breathe

GUEST BLOG by Jennifer Varteressian,
Graduated from The University of Tulsa College of Law

Okay, let us all take a breather

If you’re anything like me you’re freaking out at this juncture. We are five weeks out from the bar exam and the MBE is literally wiping the floor with me. I wanted to take the opportunity to use this blog to hopefully ease some of your anxieties. I have been really struggling over the past few days with the MBE. I feel like I am doing so poorly in every subject and am nowhere near where I need to be. Given that I am so type A, I did a little bit of investigating. I wanted to share my findings with you all in case others were despairing as well.

First of all, remember you merely need to pass the exam. This means you need to do better than 25% of test takers. When you think about it this way, it seems to be manageable. If you trust the program and put the time in you will get there. I spoke with my DLE this morning and she informed me that in 6 out of 9 schools in Texas with students that completed 75 % or more of the BARBRI program had a 100% pass rate. That’s right-only 75 %! I like those odds.

Also I wanted to share a little bit of information with you all about how to measure your progress in the PSP. As I’m sure you’re aware, there is a tab on the right hand side of the PSP that shows you your progress in the program so far. This progress measures your average against others for MBE questions. If you are wondering how you line up with everyone you can look here. Remember the MBE is graded on a curve so really all that matters is how you stack up to the competition. If you are not getting the scores you want check this PDF out – reading this definitely provided me with some peace of mind; especially the part at the end that says thousands of students pass with a lower score than average. Also in case you were all wondering, I asked what we should shoot for on our essays and was told we should be looking for a raw score of about 17/25.

I came home tonight from a long night of studying to find my parents throwing a dinner party (I know RUDE right?! No one is supposed to have a life if I can’t!) Anyways, my brother took me aside and said, “Jenny, do you know how many dumb ass lawyers there are in Texas?! You’re smart; you’re going to be fine”. It’s extremely easy for us to get fed up with ‘lay people’ and proclaim that they don’t understand, especially during this time. Let’s just all keep in mind that the people in our lives love us and want to see us do well, so when they say things like that try not to become infuriated! Happy studying!

Until Next Time,