Virginia Bar Exam details

A typical Virginia Bar Exam is a 2-day exam

Virginia Bar Exam information is subject to change without notice. Please verify with the Virginia Board of Bar Examiners.

Please also reference the NCBE Covid-19 updates page for NCBE updates and individual jurisdiction announcements.

Day 1

  • Nine essay questions plus 10 multiple-choice questions with emphasis on Virginia law
    • The morning (AM) session consists of five essay questions
    • The afternoon (PM) session consists of four essay questions plus the 10 multiple-choice questions

Day 2

  • Multistate Bar Exam (MBE), a 200-question, multiple-choice exam (100 questions in the AM, 100 questions in the PM)


  • Constitutional Law
  • Contracts/Sales
  • Criminal Law/Procedure
  • Evidence
  • Federal Civil Procedure
  • Real Property
  • Torts

Virginia Essays

  • Agency
  • Civil Procedure
  • Commercial Paper
  • Corporations
  • Creditor’s Rights
  • Domestic Relations
  • Equity
  • Federal Jurisdiction
  • Local Government Law
  • Partnerships
  • Personal Property
  • Professional Responsibility
  • Secured Transactions
  • Trusts
  • Wills
  • Plus all MBE subjects


  • A scaled score of 85 or higher is required and must be achieved within two calendar years of the time the candidate passes the Virginia bar exam.

Click here to learn more about the MPRE.

The MBE score (weighted 40%) and the essay score (weighted 60%) are combined to determine if applicant has achieved a passing score of at least 140.

Acceptance of MBE Score

Applicants will take the Virginia Essay exam and may transfer an MBE scaled score of 133 or greater, taken within three years prior to the date of the exam applied for.

Admission on Motion

Licensed attorneys will take only the Virginia Essay Exam. The applicant must be actively licensed to practice law and be in good standing in a jurisdiction other than Virginia.

Military Spouse Provisional Admission

The dependent spouse of an active duty service member stationed in the Commonwealth of Virginia who has been admitted to practice law before the court of last resort of any state or territory of the United States or District of Columbia, and who meets all other requirements of Rule 1A:8, may apply to the Board for Military Spouse Provisional Admission. A Military Spouse Provisional Admission filing fee applies. This fee covers the cost of processing the Application, investigating matters contained in the applicant’s completed Character & Fitness Questionnaire, and preparing of the Character Report.

We compile all of the information that you need to know about the dates, format, subjects tested, deadlines, fees and more - for each U.S. state - in the free BARBRI Bar Exam Digest.

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